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Earthshine blog

"Earthshine blog"

A blog about a telescopic system at the Mauna Loa Observatory on Hawaii to determine terrestrial albedo by earthshine observations. Feasible thanks to sheer determination.

Testing BBSO method

Post-Obs scattered-light rem. Posted on Nov 18, 2011 04:50PM

Henriette and I ran the BBSO linear extrapolation method for removing scattered light with two settings of a parameter that is arbitrarily set. We got output for many files with these two settings and can therefore compare the two results for a single image and measure the difference.

On the image below we see the relative differences between two pairs of two such processed images.

On the left-hand side of the upper image the white cones correspond to percentage differences in the 10-30% range. They gray or black areas are much lower.

The second image is doing better with most differences in the single-% range.

The images processed here are single exposures in CoAdd mode – so there is lots of noise on the DS and the sky. Performance of the BBSO method will probably improve with higher SNR.

We changed the processing parameter (cone width) from 8 degrees to 6 degrees. BBSO uses 5 degrees (in the JGR Qiu et al paper). We can now look at all images where we have these two processing results and make some summary statistics.

Below are two histograms of just that for 383 pairs of BBSO-method corrected images- the first shows the histogram of mean difference values (they are in %). The other is the histogram of the median difference value. Both measures of performance are centred over 0% – the mean difference is a broader distribution than the median – by about a factor of 10 (FWHM mean is 2% while FWHM median is 0.2%). The differences were calculated for all pixels (DS sky and DS itself, but excluding BS and BS sky) corrected by the BBSO method evaluated with the two settings as described above.

The result suggests that correcting the DS for scattered light using the BBSO method and extracting a subregion mean will give unbiased results with a few % scatter, while extracting the median of some corrected subregion will give the answer to a few tenths of a percent.



JD2455883 darks

Observing log Posted on Nov 18, 2011 04:02PM

I have obtained 100 dark frames with random exposure times in the interval 10-200 sec. This will allow me to determine with certainty if there is any substantial dark current.

The telescope performed as it should and all images were saved without trouble.



Photos from MLO

Showcase images and animations Posted on Nov 18, 2011 03:08PM

The Earthshine observatory on Mauna Loa. Housed in the previous Groundwinds dome (left), our telescope (right), and Torbjörn and Henriette who installed the telescope and the system with Dave Taylor.



Temperature near the shutters

Shutters Posted on Nov 18, 2011 11:23AM

A webcam on the PXI now points to a thermometer display showing the tmperature somewhere on the telescope and somewhere in the dome. When the heaters are turned on the telescope readout cycles between about 16 degrees C and more than 60 C.

We presume that the temperature is telling us something about an area near one of the two shutters. Since the shutter shows the sticking behaviour through these temperature cycles the sticking problem is either unrelated to the temperature of the shutter or the temperature we can see is not from an area close to the shutter inside the telescope.

We think that the sticking shutter is the one inside the telescope because the system that reads the shutter time also indicates failure whenever a picture is ‘bias like’, which would not be the case if the failing shutter was the front barrel one.



Wet

Observing log Posted on Nov 18, 2011 11:06AM

Extremely wet and cloudy these days! Wanted to observe Moon.